70% of institutional investors turning down projects on environmental, social and governance grounds

Mumbai, 27 May 2015: Seven out of ten institutional investors interviewed by PwC say they would decline to take part in a private equity fund raising or would turn down a co-investment on environmental, social and governance risk grounds.

Bridging the Gap – PwC’s analysis of investor attitudes to responsible investment in the private equity industry - explores Limited Partners (LPs) (typically institutional investors providing capital to the Private Equity sector for investment) and their attitudes to Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) investment issues.  Respondents included major asset management investment companies and pension investors including the California State Teachers Retirement System, UK Universities Superannuation Scheme and Swedish Pension Funds.

Ninety seven percent (97%) expect responsible investment to increase in importance over the next two years, with fiduciary duty, reputational risk and corporate values ranked as the top three reasons for responsible investment.

While there was broad agreement from investors that ESG creates value, both for society and shareholders, respondents say it is difficult to quantifying reputational value or risk reduction and to incorporate it into investment criteria.

Sanjeev Krishan, Leader, Private Equity, PwC India said, "Managing exposure to ESG risk issues and risk mitigation is clearly a significant issue for LP's investing in Europe. They see it as much an investment risk, as a reputation risk. Interestingly many non - European investors are taking this seriously, and while most realise that emerging markets like India are only warming up to the concept, this awareness will definitely help over a period of time. In our recent experience, many sovereign / pension funds already focus on ESG risks in a big way when making direct investments in India".

Key findings of the analysis include:

  • 88% believe responsible investment adds financial value in private equity
  • 83% of LP respondents believe that better management of ESG factors is their fiduciary duty
  • 97% of LPs carry out an ESG assessment of a General Partner’s (GP, or private equity house) approach to RI before allocating funds
  • 71% said their fund allocation was now linked to achieving ESG conditions
  • 83% have responsible investment policies in place applying to their private equity investments
  • Adoption of the ESG Disclosure Framework – the international standard for the industry - is mixed. 31% said they use it regularly, 14% occasionally, 47% never. LPs don’t know what information to ask for, and are concerned at the cost implications for “onerous” reporting – with some confessing they would struggle to analyse large volumes of ESG information even if they knew what to ask for and got it
  • Despite the profile of the investment concerns over the past year, LPs revealed limited formal ESG reporting, with a focus on qualitative rather than quantitative data
  • Respondents reported concern about their capacity to identify, examine and respond to ESG reporting
  • The difficulties and high costs of exiting a fund once capital is committed means withdrawing or withholding capital is rare (18%) if adverse ESG info comes to light

The survey reflects the recent turbulent debates and action targeting institutional investors, particularly the pension funds of large public sector, education and religious organisations.  Campaigners have called for the withdrawal or scaling back of investments from fossil fuel related activities and other sector-based investments with potentially negative environmental impacts.

Phil Case, director, PwC and specialist in responsible investment, said:

“Since the financial crisis, investors are under ever greater scrutiny regarding their wider environmental and social impact and purpose. The expectations of regulators, policymakers, NGOs and the general public for investors and their advisers to behave responsibly and deliver more than simply financial return are much higher than before, and are here to stay. “There is no doubt in these investors’ minds that identifying opportunities to implement improvements in managing the risks associated with environmental, social and governance issues will protect and increase the value of investments. “The frameworks exist for effective ESG assessment, monitoring and reporting, which would enable LPs to use their investment power to drive sustainable, long-term change in response to stakeholders’ concerns. “We need to see more active integration and interrogation of ESG matters in private equity investment. It could shift the power of institutional funding from being a threat of withdrawal to a force to embed an orderly, sustainable transition to a low-carbon economy, not only setting the timeline for change, but securing vital funding for it too.”


1. PwC conducted one to one interviews with 60 Limited Partners in 14 Countries, collectively allocating around $500bn to private equity fund managers or General Partners (GPs).  Participation was voluntary and sample is likely to be skewed towards those investors who are relatively advanced in their approach to responsible investment. 30% were pension funds; 20% investment managers; 7% Sovereign or government controlled funds. Respondents include major international pension investors including California State Teachers Retirement System, UK Universities Superannuation Scheme, BT Pension Scheme, West Midlands Pension Fund, Wellcome Trust, Swedish Pension Fund, and Church Pension funds in the US, Finland. Major asset management investors including Aberdeen Asset Management, Hermes GPE, F&C Asset Management, and BlackRock.

2. Limited Partners, typically institutional investors, are the Private Equity sector’s source of capital.

3. About “Responsible Investment”: Responsible investment is an approach to investment that acknowledges the relevance of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors alongside traditional financial metrics. It is based on the belief that addressing ESG issues will protect value and enhance portfolio returns, especially over the longer term. It can include ethical investing, socially responsible investing, sustainable investing, impact investing and triple bottom line investing. Responsible investors may choose to exclude entire sectors they consider unsustainable or unethical, or they may seek out companies with better ESG performance than their peers. Some investors look to invest in companies with measurable, positive environmental or social impacts. Increasingly, responsible investors seek to supplement their existing investment processes with ESG analysis.

4. The report is also 'live' on the sustainability site: http://www.pwc.com/sustainability

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