Dr. Rana Mehta, Partner & Leader - Healthcare, PwC India
In order to address the acute healthcare supply side constraints, Union Budget 2020 can provide fiscal concessions like low-cost financing and flexible interest interventions. These would be a catalyst for investments and development in the healthcare industry, specially in Tier 2 and 3 cities. India will need over $10 Billion in the next decade to ensure that the healthcare sector grows at double-digit pace.
Provide adequate budgetary allocation to Ayushman Bharat, specially the wellness pillar. Given the late detection and treatment of disease, this could significantly reduce overall healthcare costs for the country.
Mandate Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) in other clinical procedures as well as entire hospital setups as done in dialysis. This will encourage private sector participation and improve outcomes.
Revisit incentives for the domestic manufacture of medical equipment. A substantial percentage (>70%) of equipment and consumables are still imported.
The first component of Ayushman Bharat aimed at creating 1.5 lakh Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) to bring health care closer to the homes of the people. The achievement till date is only around 20% and given a target to achieve 100% by 2022, we should be having higher allocation on this component.
According to estimates, nearly 7.5% of India's population is affected by some form of mental health issues. The country currently has approximately 9,000 psychiatrists, 2,000 psychiatric nurses, 1000 clinical psychologists, 1,000 psychiatric social workers. Whereas, the immediate need is for 30,000 psychiatrists, 37,000 psychiatric nurses, 38,000 clinical psychologists and 38,000 social workers. Higher allocation to National Mental Health Program from current Rs 40 Crores would be a good fillip to arrest the rising trend of mental health issues across the country.
The Government has been sponsoring “ONE-Skill and ONE-Time” till now with a focus to get trainees into the entry level jobs. There is a need to start thinking about life-long learning, long term courses, and reskilling to create an enabling environment for new age jobs, overseas placement using technology as a platform to counsel, train, assess and place youth. A specific focus on this area within the larger ambit of skilling would require specific new schemes or new sub-programs within existing schemes could be thought of.
The spend on education has increased in last 5 years but is still below 5% of GDP in FY 2019-20. The spend on education in India is far below the BRICs countries who all have more than 10% expenditure on education. The highest being South Africa who had 18.9% in FY 2017-18. The finalisation of the New Education Policy and comprehensive reforms planned in education sector calls for a significant increase in the spend on education.
Kavan Mukhtyar, Partner & Leader - Automotive, PwC India
Reduction in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate applicable to automobiles to 18% from the current 28% to absorb the additional price impact of shift from BSIV to BSVI
An incentive-based vehicle scrappage policy be introduced to remove old vehicles off the roads and trigger demand for new vehicles. The industry has proposed an incentive in the form of 50% reduction in GST as well as a 50% cut in road tax and registration charges
Abolish the customs duty of 5% on Lithium-ion cells to promote local manufacturing of the batteries in the country. This will further reduce cost of electric vehicles and accelerate its adoption. Additionally, the government should also consider providing an incentive for lithium-ion battery manufacturing for EV applications.
Allocate adequate budget to state transport undertakings to procure buses which will boost demand for commercial vehicles
Ajay Kakra, Executive Director - Agriculture & Agribusiness, PwC India
The existing Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) must be revamped to include tenant farmers under the scheme, ensure timely and accurate crop loss assessment and hasten claim processing to make it more impactful. Technology will play a crucial role in successfully implementing the scheme.
As per Solvent Extractor’s Association (SEA), capacity utilisation of edible oil units in India has decreased from 65% to 46%, while we have imported 60% of the total demand for vegetable oil in 2018. The indigenous edible oil industry must be promoted. This calls for various short and long-term policy measures like revising import tariffs on crude and refined oil and incentivisng oil seed production.
Simplifying the regulations on import of high-quality semen and live embryo will go a long way in facilitating breeding of high-quality cattle and making it accessible to those who can afford it. This, in turn, will boost milk production by four times. The Government must also look at increasing the Artificial Insemination (AI) coverage to improve the general livestock.
Current estimates suggest that only 52% of inland fisheries’ potential has been realised so far. Government must look at improving the infrastructure for deep sea fishing, collection, storage, traceability and processing of aqua produce. Developing the cold chain infrastructure will not only increase the quality of output but also reduce wastage.
There’s a need for awareness programmes on phytosanitary requirements of export markets, R&D initiatives for food products with export potential and incentivising the processing and packaging infrastructure, thereby improving the traceability and quality of food products to be exported.
Technology companies in the agricultural sector are different from the other sectors like healthcare and finance. The product is of low or medium value, and the market is geographically scattered. Therefore, the Government should look at providing continued support to ag-tech companies by providing incentives, skilling initiatives and giving the right exposure till the market matures.
The agricultural sector is extremely vulnerable to risks posed by climate change. Unpredictable weather conditions have damaged crops in around 10 states in 2019. This calls for an integrated climate change policy which focuses on various aspects such as water conservation through micro-irrigation, developing resistant varieties through plant breeding and biotechnology, reducing dependence on chemical inputs, diversification of crops, etc.
We’ve seen how onion retail prices fluctuated this year. There needs to be a planned approach of sowing and connecting markets digitally for better price discovery mechanism to ensure a flow of surplus produce to other regions of the country to counter price differences. The Government's Operation Greens scheme, too, needs to be implemented in its full capacity.
Joydeep K Roy, Partner & Leader, PwC India
All “pucca” property should be mandatorily insured as per law. An income tax benefit should be introduced in Union Budget 2020 for the premiums paid for house property insurance, thus driving growth in this segment. This will improve penetration of insurance, broad-base the premium and the risk. This will also reduce premiums while ensuring people get their claims when natural disasters happen. Relief fund expenditure of the Government will also reduce.
There should be fiscal measures to get the procedures and medication of the healthcare sector to be brought under regulations of protocols, and generic medicine should be made the norm. Then health insurance will become cheaper, and more practical without too many exclusions. The Government provided Ayushman Bharat will also become more cost effective.
Crop insurance risk estimation needs to be done taking advantage of modern technologies like drones, image processing and artificial intelligence tools. Along with that, cleaning / updating the data of Government records of land and property will be required to get accurate results.
While life expectancy is increasing, the investments in long term instruments and pension is decreasing. Union Budget 2020 must look to plug the gap by introducing incentives for long term investment. This will also bring long term retail money into Government and Infrastructure projects.
Bhavin Shah, Partner & Leader - FS Tax, PwC India
Streamlining tax rates on interest income for all foreign investors to 5% will help in attracting debt inflows.
Judicial precedents have held that interest accrues only on specified dates when it becomes due and not on a day-to-day basis. However, the Income Computation and Disclosure Standard (ICDS) IV provides that interest shall accrue on time basis and premium on debt securities is to be considered as accruing over the period of maturity of such securities. This anomaly can trigger avoidable litigation. Clarification that taxation on interest will happen only when such interest is due and payable to the investor would help.
Bhairav Dalal, Partner & Leader - Real Estate Tax, PwC India
There is currently a limit on house property loss set off of INR 2 lacs. This is acting as an impediment for purchase of property (for investment purposes) using leverage. A roll back of this would motivate investors to purchase properties as they would earn income / capital appreciation and would also be able to claim a full set off of the interest cost.
There is currently a 5% levy of GST for properties purchased during the construction phase. A relief from GST for a certain period can be considered for first home buyers and affordable home buyers. This will help reduce overall transaction costs and incentivise home buyers to undertake the transaction immediately and not wait until the construction is over.
DDT exemption for a dual layer structure would improve yields to investors as well as provide for consistency within the framework.
Investment by non-resident under the FPI route in corporate debt instrument issued by companies engaged in real estate construction and development should not be subject to 50 percent concentration norms especially in companies where the projects are under stress and require last mile funding.
FDI in LLPs to be liberalised for the real estate sector, both for stressed and completed projects.
Partner and Leader, Tax and Regulatory Services, PwC India
Tel: +91 22 6689 1155