New Delhi, 8 April 2016 –The 'business of running cities' is changing rapidly due to the emergence of new business models and technologies. Innovative business models such as sharing and circular economy, digital integration of services, public asset revitalisation and innovative outsourcing, will unleash excess capacities in the urban realm and enable cities to do more with less. Internet of things (IoT), mobile based sensing, location and condition sensing, data analytics and open data will also play a key role in enabling cities to battle myriad urban challenges.
However, issues such as budget constraints, flawed governance structure, lack of leadership commitment and skills, dearth of trust among stakeholders (citizens, government and private sector), apart from external issues such as migration and demographic changes is impeding the adoption of these technological advancement in cities.
These findings are a part of a report by The World Economic Forum and PwC - Inspiring Future Cities & Urban Services which identifies the impact of emerging business models and technologies in transforming the way cities plan and operate.
Alice Charles, Head of Urban Development, World Economic Forum said, “In the fourth industrial revolution, we are likely to see the biggest industrial shifts in a generation, changing the way we work and live in the urban environment. Innovations such as 3D-printing, Artificial Intelligence and next generation robotics will shift models of work and production in ways that are impossible to predict. Cities and businesses need to be adaptive. Public private collaboration will be required to enable cities to navigate the path of this urban transformation.”
The risks associated with public private partnership differ in developing and developed economies. In the developing world, the risks pertaining to business environment are fundamental in nature and apply to most of the project phases, while in the developed world, the risks are centered on project phases such as planning, construction and termination. The report recommends Government initiated actions such as creating a stable regulatory environment, introducing administrative reforms, and developing reliable dispute resolution mechanism to address risks.
Hazem Galal, Global Leader, Cities and Local Government Network, PwC said, “Cities will have to ensure that their DNA (fundamental social and economic characteristics) is retained while they make journey towards urban transformation. Cities should be willing to experiment and at the same time learn from other cities while they develop unique city specific solutions that leverage on an accepted standard. Cities will have to create a balanced strategy by giving due considerations to social, economic, environmental dimensions.”
Neel Ratan, Leader, Government and Public Sector, PwC India added, “As we talk about creating more urban centers in India, we should learn from other countries on how to make the most of our spaces and create future ready cities with the right technological interventions. It is also equally important to protect the social mileu and environment as we undertake this technological transformation journey. Therefore it is important for private sector to engage with Government and local population to develop trust.”
The report provides a framework for cities to classify various urban dimensions across levels of maturity ranging from rudimentary to scalable (for e.g. a city that can adapt to changing needs), and suggests a ten step action plan for cities planning to navigate the urban transformation journey.
The World Economic Forum recommends the following for city governments:
In 2016, the World Economic Forum’s infrastructure and urban development industry partners will identify ways in which private sector can enable cities to meet the new global priorities and targets, as set out in the Sendai Agreement, Sustainable Development Goals, and COP21 as well as implement the new 20 year urban agenda being set out in Habitat III. The Forum will also undertake a deep dive on migration and cities, exploring the types, causes and patterns of migration to cities and identify ways to enhance public private cooperation to respond to this growing challenge, and assess how cities can leverage the opportunity presented by circular and sharing economy to do more with less.
The World Economic Forum’s ‘Shaping Future of Urban Development and Services Initiative’ serves as a partner in transformation to cities around the world as they seek to address major urban challenges and transition towards smarter, more sustainable cities in this rapidly urbanizing world. Directed by a Steering Board and guided by an Advisory Board, the Future of Urban Development and Services Initiative works in collaboration with local partners.
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